Oral Hygiene is the most essential aspect of a healthy life. The branch of the Medical field that deals specifically with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of conditions, diseases, and disorders of the oral cavity and its associated structures such as teeth and gums is called Dentistry. The conditions and procedures that deal with the repair and replacement of the infected or the broken tooth also is a part of dentistry. 

A Dentist is a specialized doctor who has gained knowledge and specialization in dentistry. The dental surgeon is the other name for dentists. They study, diagnose, and treat the diseases and conditions of the oral cavity. You can opt for online dental consultation in India to check if you need any specific treatment. 

There is a wide range of Dental treatments that starts from root canals and tooth extractions to cosmetic treatments like tooth whitening. Humans have two sets of teeth. At about six months of age, the 1st set of teeth starts appearing. This stage is referred to as teething. It is generally painful for an infant. Children have 20 milk teeth which are evenly distributed. 

Between 6 and 12 years of age, 2nd permanent set is formed. The new set replaces the 20 milky teeth. Slowly and gradually, other 8-12 teeth grow. If one follows regular oral dental hygiene, right from brushing with water or toothpaste as well as regular professional cleaning by a dentist or hygienist, this set of teeth can last for life.

Types of teeth
Each tooth plays a significant role in your day to day activities like eating, drinking, and speaking. The teeth are of four types:
  • Incisors. These teeth help you cut the food.
  • Canines. These pointed teeth help in tearing and grasping food.
  • Premolars. The two points on each premolar help you crush and tear food.
  • Molars. Multiple points on the top surface of these teeth help you chew and grind food.
Structure and function
The root holds the tooth in its place and extends into the bone. It makes up around two-thirds of the tooth.
It’s made up of several parts:
  • Root canal. The root canal contains the pulp which is a pathway.
  • Cementum. This is connected to the periodontal ligament and covers the tooth’s root.
  • Periodontal ligament. This ligament is made of collagen fiber and connective tissue. It consists of both nerves and blood vessels. It connects the teeth to the tooth sockets like cementum.
  • Nerves and blood vessels. Nutrients are being supplied by Blood vessels to the periodontal ligament, while nerves help during chewing. It controls the amount of force used during the same.
  • Jaw bone. It is also called the alveolar bone. It contains the tooth sockets and surrounds the teeth’s roots and thus helps in holding the teeth in place.

This is between the crown and root and also known as the dental cervix. It forms the line where the cementum meets the enamel.

It consists of 3 main parts:

  • Gums. Gums are enclosed to the neck of the tooth and the cementum, which are the fleshy, pink connective tissues. They are also referred to as gingiva.
  • Pulp. Tiny blood vessels and nerve tissue comprise Pulp that is the innermost portion of the tooth.
  • Pulp cavity. The pulp chamber is located inside the crown that consists of the pulp.

The crown of a tooth is the part of the tooth that’s visible.
It consists of 3 main parts:
  • Anatomical crown. The only part of a tooth that one can see is the anatomical crown which is at the top portion of a tooth 
  • Enamel. Enamel protects the teeth from bacteria as it is the hardest tissue in your body and the outermost layer of a tooth. It also provides resemblance so the teeth can resist the pressure from chewing.
  • Dentin. Dentin is the layer of mineralized tissue which is located below the enamel. Dentin is covered by enamel and surrounds the pulp and the former extends from the crown to the root. It shields the teeth from heat and cold.
One should maintain Dental and oral health on regular basis. It is a very important part of one’s overall health and well-being. If oral hygiene is not properly maintained, it can lead to some major conditions like dental cavities and gum disease, and might also lead to heart disease, cancer, and diabetes.
One can get rid of severe dental conditions or expensive dental procedures, if maintained proper oral hygiene habits like brushing, flossing, and limiting your sugar intake. 

Symptoms of dental and oral problems

    • ulcers, sores, or tender areas in the mouth that won’t recover after a week or two
    • after brushing or flossing, bleeding comes or gums get swollen
    • chronic bad breath
    • sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures or beverages
    • toothache or pain
    • loose teeth
    • receding gums
    • pain with chewing or biting
    • swelling of the face and cheek
    • clicking of the jaw
    • cracked or broken teeth
    • frequent dry mouth

    Apart from any of these symptoms, if one is also facing high fever and facial or neck swelling, emergency medical treatment is advised.

    Causes of Dental and Oral diseases
    All kinds of bacteria, viruses, and fungi are been accumulated by the oral cavity. Plaque is a bacterium near the gum-line. If regular oral hygiene is not maintained, it piles up, hardens, and extends down the tooth. So brushing and flossing are advised regularly. If not done so, it causes inflammation in your gums and leads to gingivitis.

    When the inflammation rises, it causes the gums to move back from the teeth. This in turn creates pockets in which pus may start getting collected. Periodontitis is the advanced stage of gum disease.

    The factors that give rise to gingivitis and periodontitis are as below:

    • smoking
    • poor brushing habits
    • frequent snacking on sugary foods and drinks
    • diabetes
    • the use of medications that reduce the amount of saliva in the mouth
    • family history or genetics
    • HIV or AIDS infections
    • hormonal changes in women
    • acid reflux or heartburn
    • due to acid caused by frequent vomiting

    Get your oral hygiene checked by taking an online consultation with dentist to understand if you require any specific treatment. 

    Common tooth conditions
    Many functions are performed by the teeth daily which makes them vulnerable to various conditions.

    Cavities are caused due to bacteria and acid on the surface of a tooth and are like small holes. They can extend down the tooth, and further the pulp, if not treated at right time. The symptoms one can feel are pain and sensitivity to heat and cold. It can also cause infection or even tooth loss.

    If the cavity is untreated, it can cause inflammation of the pulp, which is known as Pulpitis. One can go through extreme pain and can face sensitivity in the affected tooth. It can then give rise to an infection, which in turn can cause an abscess in the root of the tooth.

    Periodontal disease
    It is also referred to as gum disease which is an infection of the gums. Red, swollen, bleeding, or receding gums are the common signs one can face. It can also give rise to sensitivity, bad breath, pain, and lose teeth. Gum disease can be increased due to certain medications, smoking, and poor oral health.

    Misconfiguration of teeth is called Malocclusion. It can lead to crowding, under bites, or overbites. The causes of Malocclusion are hereditary, but thumb-sucking, long-term use of a pacifier or bottles, impacted or missing teeth, and poorly fitting dental appliances. Braces can be used to correct or align it.

    Some people have a habit of grinding or clenching their teeth. It happens because of Bruxism. It happens mostly during sleeping, so many are unaware of their habit. At times, can lead to damage and even tooth loss. Pain-related to tooth, jaw, and ear can be caused. If this increases, it can also cause damage to the jaw which in turn cannot open and close properly.

    The bacterial infection causes a pocket of pus, which is referred to as a tooth abscess. It can cause tooth pain that extends to the jaw, ear, or neck. One can also go through tooth sensitivity, fever, swollen or tender lymph nodes, and swelling in the cheeks or face. The infection can spread to the sinuses or brain, if not treated on time.

    Tooth erosion
    Acid or friction causes loss of enamel. Consuming more of acidic food and drinks can cause it. Some gastrointestinal conditions, which have stomach acids such as acid reflux, can also cause it. Tooth erosion can be also caused due to long-term dry mouth. Some common symptoms of it are pain, sensitivity, and discoloration.

    Tooth impaction
    When there isn’t enough space for a new tooth to emerge, tooth impaction takes place. It’s usual in wisdom teeth.

    Symptoms of a tooth condition
    Tooth conditions can cause a variety of symptoms such as:
    • pain caused by sweet foods and beverages
    • tooth pain
    • jaw pain
    • ear pain
    • sensitivity to heat and cold
    • persistent bad breath
    • tender or swollen gums
    • red gums
    • bleeding gums
    • loose teeth
    • discolored teeth
    • fever


    Root Canal Treatment
    If the soft tissue surrounding the nerves in the center of the tooth, known as to its dental pulp gets damaged, a root canal is needed. Pulp nerve damage is caused by:

    • Infection - Tooth decay (cavity) causes it by reaching the nerve or a cracked tooth. Harmful bacteria reach the nerve, leading to infection and decay.
    • Injury - Sensitive nerve tissue in the tooth is sometimes damaged due to an injury to a tooth or the jaw.
    The infected dental pulp can then spread to the bone around the tooth, if not treated on time. Thus it gets difficult to hold the tooth in place.
    • Pulpotomy — the opening of the pulp chamber of the tooth to allow an infection to drain; usually a precursor to a root canal
    • Pulpectomy — It is done to get relief from temporary pain. During this, the pulp from the pulp chamber is removed.

    Pulp Nerve Damage has common signs like:
    • Sudden pain for no reason
    • Tooth pain when biting down
    • Tooth pain while chewing
    • Oversensitivity of the teeth with hot or cold drinks
    • Facial swelling
    Root canal therapy is an outstanding way to save a tooth that would otherwise need to be removed.

    The patients who suffer from the infection that develops even after a root canal has to undergo root end surgery, called Apicoectomy. This surgery removes the apex, or very tip, of the tooth’s root.
    Apicoectomy over-extraction is better in many ways as, one can preserve their natural tooth, which is good than using implants or dental appliances 

    Crown (caps) 
    A tooth is covered by crowns. Various biocompatible materials, including ceramic/porcelain metal composite, gold, or a tin/aluminum mixture are used to make the crown. The basal tooth must be reshaped to adjust these fixed restorations.

    Veneers only cover the forward surface of the tooth. 

    A bridge is used to replace a missing tooth or teeth by connecting 2 or more crowns. It is generally used after an extraction.

    In this procedure, the titanium implant is surgically placed in the bone which is then allowed to heal. An artificial tooth is connected to the implant by cement or retained by a screw which is done generally after four to six months.

    Dentures (false teeth) 
    A partial or complete set of dentition which either attach to neighboring teeth by use of metal or plastic grasps or to the gingival or palatal surface by use of adhesive.

    Dental Health Specialist: 
    The general dentist generally refers to an endodontic, if the tooth’s pulp becomes infected or the interior of your teeth becomes otherwise damaged or diseased. A dentist who helps in diagnosing and treating problems within the sensitive interior art is known as an Endodontist. They diagnose tooth pain and, at times, perform root canals on diseased teeth. 

    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon
    The conditions related to the hard and soft tissues of the face, mouth, and jaw are treated by Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon.
    They also perform tooth extractions, corrective jaw surgery, and cleft lip or cleft palate surgery.
    Orthodontist - Alignment Specialist
    A specialist who helps in aligning the position of the teeth and jaws is known as an orthodontist. If one is facing overbite, under bite, or cross bite due to a misaligned jaw, one can see an Orthodontist. They also treat crooked or misaligned teeth by using braces, clear aligners, palatal expanders or headgear. 
    Pediatric Dentist
    A pediatric dental specialist is a doctor who helps to diagnose and treat a child’s oral health. Pediatric Dentist treats children from infants to teens. 
    They even treat childhood diabetes persisting in children. 

    A dental specialist who specializes in the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases affecting the gums, as well as other structures that support the teeth, is called a Periodontist. They diagnose and treat the early stages of gum disease. To resolve severe gum disease and restore the appearance of your smile, they also perform procedures like gum grafts and pocket reduction.
    This type of dental specialist also installs dental implants. 

    Lost or damaged teeth are been restored and replaced by Prosthodontists. Prosthodontists are experts in treating dental procedures such as porcelain veneers, crowns, dental implants, bridge repair, dentures, and reconstructive dentistry.

    Why choose online doctor consultation?
    By opting for a dentist online consultation, the patients, from the comfort of their homes, can choose from a variety of doctors selected from the best available in India. In this way, the patient can at least get a fair amount of idea related to the problem he/she is having and can visit a nearby doctor if advised by the doctor consulting online or meet the same doctor if that is viable.

    Why MediFlam?
    MediFlam has a panel of some of the best Dentists in India. We at MediFlam make sure that our platform provides hassle free experience to the patient as well as the doctor at the best cost possible. Our dentist doctors work in close conjunction with the patients so as to provide them quick diagnosis, treatment and regular follow ups. 
    For major conditions, we can connect you to the best Dental hospitals and Doctors that are paneled on MediFlam platform. 

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    Frequently asked questions about Dentist,Pediatric dentistry

    What are Dental Problems?

    Dental problems are those which occur due to the lack of poor oral hygiene. Teeth and gums are the main areas of the mouth, wherein if any conditions arise, it is referred to as a dental problem. Oral health is surely affected because of such a problem. Gum diseases occur due to bacterial infection. If you are facing any major dental issues you can book your appointment for online consultation with dentist.

    What is mouth care?

    The other word for mouth care is oral care also. By regularly brushing the teeth and flossing, one can keep the teeth and the associated structures of the mouth clean and healthy. This is referred to as mouth care. One can keep the mouth healthy and can prevent mouth problems in several ways. The conditions such as infections and mouth sores arise when proper oral hygiene is not followed. So need to regularly follow the same to avoid any such dental conditions.

    Can regular brushing the teeth; can protect you from dental problem?

    Yes, if one maintains oral hygiene by regularly cleaning the teeth by brushing and flossing, one can keep their mouth clean and thus can be free from many dental conditions. Many dental problems, smaller or bigger like bad breath and other severe conditions can be avoided by regular brushing and flossing the teeth. 

    Is MediFlam good for online Dental consultation?

    Mediflam has a stringent process of checking the qualifications of doctors that are taken on the platform so that the patients get access to the best qualified doctors to get the best possible diagnosis. Mediflam has a panel of some of the best dental consultation in India. We at MediFlam make sure that our platform provides hassle free experience to the patient as well as the doctor at the best cost possible. Our doctors work in close conjunction with the patients so as to provide them quick diagnosis, treatment and regular follow ups. 

    How can I detect any dental problems earlier?

    The dentist will be able to diagnose the early signs of disease and they can be treated accordingly if regular consultations are done. If not treated timely, it can cause damage to other teeth and thus can be painful. One should consult a dentist more regularly if one has a high risk of dental disease.

    Can I consult with my Dentist online?

    With the advent of modern technology, it is very possible for the person experiencing any symptoms related to teeth or gums to at least get a probabilistic diagnosis by opting for online consultation with dentist with Mediflam. Then the Dentist can advise the patient for further process to confirm the diagnosis and get treated at the earliest.

    Brief information on various types of Dental problems
    Bad Breath: Some of the conditions like gum disease, cavities, oral cancer, dry mouth, and bacteria on the tongue can cause bad breath.

    Cavities or Tooth Decay: Cavities are caused due to bacteria and acid on the surface of a tooth and are like small holes. When bacteria, food, and acid covers your teeth and form plaque, cavities or tooth decay start taking place. 

    Gum Disease: Gum disease, also called gingivitis, When any kind of inflammation arises in the gums, it leads to gum disease. Because of poor brushing and flossing habits, plaque builds up on the teeth which result in this disease. Gingivitis can make your gums bleed and swell when you brush or floss. If gingivitis is left untreated, it can lead to periodontitis, which is a more serious infection. 

    Oral Cancer: Oral cancer affects millions of people and is considered to be a serious and deadly disease. The factors that increase the risk of getting oral cancer are tobacco and alcohol use, including chewing tobacco. 

    Some of the signs of having mouth or throat cancer are sores, lumps, or rough areas in the mouth. One may also face difficulty in chewing or moving your tongue or jaw.

    Mouth Sores: Mouth sores are of various types and at times, they can be bothersome. If a mouth sore lasts less than two weeks, then no need to worry about it. It will disappear on its own.

    Tooth Sensitivity: Tooth sensitivity can cause pain or discomfort while consuming cold or hot foods or beverages. 
    Dentin hypersensitivity is the other name for Tooth sensitivity. After root canal treatment, at times one can suffer from this sensitivity. It can also be the result of:

    • gum disease
    • receding gums
    • a cracked tooth
    • worn-down fillings or crowns
    Cracked or broken teeth: Some of the reasons for having cracked or broken teeth are,  
    • A habit of grinding the teeth at night 
    • If any injury happens to the mouth
    • Chewing hard foods 
    This type of tooth can cause a lot of pain. If any such conditions arise, one should visit dental doctor immediately.

    Can Dental problems lead to any serious life threatening problems?
    Yes, dental problems can give rise to some severe problems. The bacteria spread throughout the body by entering the bloodstream, because of tooth infections. If these bacteria reach the heart or brain, it can cause some serious medical conditions. Some of the conditions one may face can be Heart Disease, Cancer, Brain, and Cognitive Issues, Respiratory problems, Diabetes, Issues with Infertility and Birth, and Ludwig Angina 

    Can Dental treatment do my Facelift and help me in beautification of my face?
    Yes, dental treatment can do a facelift. There can be a rejuvenated look on a patient's face and jaw by going through non-surgical and non-invasive methods wherein teeth are restored and bite correction is been made. This happens in facelift dentistry. These methods are much better compared to other, as the shape of the face surely gets improved by doing corrections in your, jawline, facial profile, correcting under bites and bad bites. To understand the procedure you can opt for dentist online consultation. 

    What are the symptoms of dental problems?
    • ulcers, sores, or tender areas in the mouth that won’t heal after a week or two
    • bleeding or swollen gums after brushing or flossing
    • chronic bad breath
    • sudden sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures or beverages
    • pain or toothache
    • loose teeth
    • receding gums
    • pain with chewing or biting
    • swelling of the face and cheek
    • clicking of the jaw
    • cracked or broken teeth
    • frequent dry mouth

    What is Pyorrhea?
    Many inflammatory diseases affect the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth which cause conditions known as Pyorrhea or periodontitis. Pyorrhea can lead to One can go through the loss of alveolar bone around the teeth, if a condition called Pyorrhea is developed. The teeth can even get loosen and fall off if this condition is not treated timely.

    What is Root canal?
    If a tooth gets badly decayed or infected, to repair and save the same, Root canal treatment is done. This procedure is done wherein; the pulp and the nerve both are removed. The tooth inside part is then cleaned and sealed.

    What are artificial teeth?

    Artificial teeth or dentures are the replacement for if one is facing a condition related to missing teeth, then artificial teeth or dentures are the perfect replacement for it. Dentures are available in two types, one is a complete denture and the other one is a partial denture. Complete dentures are used when if one has lost all their teeth, they need to use complete dentures. If one has any missing teeth, they can use partial denture.  Take an appointment for online consultation with dentist to know more about the treatment.

    What is Mouth cancer? What are the early signs of it?
    Mouth cancer is also known by other name, oral cancer. 
    Oral cancer is a cancer that can develop in any part of the mouth, including the tongue, the gums, the palate, under the tongue, the skin lining the mouth or the lips. 

    Its early signs are:
    • Mouth sores that have not recovered in about 2 weeks
    • More often if bleeds in the mouth
    • Numbness or partial loss of feeling inside the mouth or on the face or neck
    • Bumps, lumps, or swelling inside the mouth or on the lips
    • Dark, red, or white patches inside the mouth
    • Loose teeth
    • Pain while swallowing
    • Earaches
    • Thickening of the gums or lips
    • A sudden change in voice
    • Swelling of the jaw
    Read more..
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