Skin is the largest organ of the body conferring protection from external threats. It also helps in cooling body by producing sweat which evaporates and leaves the area cool. It produces oil to moisturize the surface and has got receptors that help us to feel the sensations of temperature, touch, pressure and pain. It also has immunity conferring properties and fights with microbes lodged on the skin. It has an excretory role and its excretory products include uric acid, ammonia, urea and excess water. It has an endocrine function wherein it helps in the synthesis of Vitamin D when exposed to the ultraviolet light of the sun. 

Since skin and hair are exposed to the vagaries of nature on a day-to-day basis, a lot of problems can occur on the skin and also scalp and hair. It is very important to take care of the skin and hair. Nutrition is the first step followed by a healthy lifestyle, avoiding pollution, smoking and alcohol. Skin manifestations can also point to other underlying disorders. Thus skin and hair care form a very important part of our daily routine.

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NOTE: Above More accurate treatment cost estimates can be provided if medical reports are emailed to us or after the patient is examined by doctors after arrival at hospital in India and medical tests are done after admission.

Frequently asked questions about Common Diseases Of Skin And Hair

What are the common diseases of the skin?

Common diseases of skin include eczema, psoriasis, acne, rosacea, ichthyosis, vitiligo, hives, seborrheic dermatitis.

What are some hair diseases?

Hair Disorders include Androgenetic alopecia (male or female pattern baldness), Alopecia areata, Scarring (cicatricial) alopecia, Telogen effluvium. Anagen effluvium.Congenital hypotrichosis.Infection-related hair loss (eg, tinea capitis and folliculitis).

What does a bacterial infection of the skin look like?

Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Some bacterial infections are mild and easily treated with topical antibiotics, but other infections require an oral antibiotic.

What skin conditions cause hairloss?

Alopecia areata is an acquired skin disease that can affect all hair-bearing skin and is characterized by localized areas of non-scarring alopecia (hair loss). Alopecia areata is occasionally associated with other medical problems. Most often these bald areas regrow their hair spontaneously.

How do I know if I have skin problems?

If a person’s skin feels tight, their skin is likely dry. If there is noticeable shine on the nose and forehead, their skin is mostly likely normal/combination. If there is shine on their cheeks in addition to the forehead and nose, one is most likely have oily skin.

How do you identify skin diseases?

Diagnosing Skin Problems

  • Patch testing: Patch tests are used to help diagnose skin allergies.
  • Skin biopsy : Skin biopsies are performed to diagnose skin cancer or benign skin disorders.
  • Culture: A culture is a test that is done to identify the microorganism (bacteria, fungus, or virus) that is causing an infection.
Can blood test detect skin disease?

A complete blood count can provide evidence of an internal condition causing a person itch, such as iron deficiency.

What tests should be done for hair loss?

A doctor may be able to diagnose alopecia areata simply by looking at the extent of the hair loss and by examining a few hair samples under a microscope. The doctor may also perform a scalp biopsy to rule out other conditions that cause hair loss, including fungal infections like tinea capitis.

What are the different diseases and disorders of scalp and hair?
  • Follicular disorders
  • Telogen effluvium. Telogen effluvium.
  • Pattern balding (male) Pattern balding (female)
  • Alopecia universalis. Loss of eyebrows.
  • Tinea capitis. Trichotillomania.
  • Loose anagen syndrome. Spangled hair shaft abnormality.
  • Pityriasis amiantacea.
  • Idiopathic hirsutism.
  • Congenital hypertrichosis.
When should you see a dermatologist?
  • A mole or patch of skin that's changed
  • Stubborn acne.
  • Itchy hives or rashes that won’t go away.
  • Scars from acne, blemishes, or cuts and scrapes
  • Persistent skin irritation.
  • Nail disorders, ingrown nails, fungus, or others
  • Hair loss

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Since skin and hair are constantly exposed, a lot of problems can occur. Some of the common problems of the skin and hair are:

  • Rash: Unusual changes in skin color or texture is called a rash. Mainly rashes are due to skin irritations whereas others may result due to medical conditions.
  • Dermatitis: A kind of Inflammation of the skin is known as Dermatitis. The most usual type is Atopic dermatitis. 
  • Eczema: Eczema is a kind of skin condition where Inflammation of the skin results in an itchy rash. Mainly, it’s because of an overactive immune system.
  • Psoriasis: Here the produced skin cells multiply faster than normal. This skin disorder is called Psoriasis. These skin cells form red patches that create itchiness.
  • Dandruff: It is related to the scalp and is caused by fungus. Dry skin sometimes results in itching 
  • Acne: The most common skin condition almost every individual faces at some phase in life, is Acne
  • Cellulitis: It is a bacterial skin infection that is at times painful but a common infection. The area of skin appears as red and swollen and on touching feels hot and tender. 
  • Skin abscess (boil or furuncle): At times, pus collects in skin tissues, hair follicles, or under the skin which is referred to as a skin abscess or a boil.
  • Rosacea: One can find a red rash on the face in a skin condition known as Rosacea. At times, it may look like acne.
  • Warts: A virus known as human papillomavirus (HPV) infects the top layer of skin where small skin growth appears which is referred to as Warts. It may be treated with duct tape, chemicals, or freezing, or can also be removed by a physician.
  • Melanoma: This skin cancer is the most dangerous one. The reason for Melanoma is due to damage caused by the sun and other causes. Melanoma can be identified through a skin biopsy.
  • Basal cell carcinoma: Basal cell carcinoma is the most usual skin cancer and less dangerous than melanoma as it grows and spreads more slowly 
  • Seborrheic keratosis: An itchy growth, which is benign, that appears like a “stuck-on” wart. If it’s bothersome, it may be removed by a physician.
  • Actinic keratosis: If the skin is much exposed in sun, there is a scaly or crusty bump that forms on the skin which is called actinic keratosis. Actinic keratoses at times can progress to cancer.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma: This is a very usual form of skin cancer that may start as an ulcer or an abnormal growth. It generally develops in sun-exposed areas.
  • Herpes: Skin irritation or periodic blisters around the lips or the genitals happens due to HSV-1 and HSV-2 which are the herpes viruses 
  • Hives: This is due to the allergic reaction wherein red, itchy patches on the skin arise suddenly.
  • Tinea versicolor: This is due to the fungal infection which happens on the skin. It creates pale areas of low pigmentation on the skin.
  • Viral exanthem: Sometimes viral infections affect large areas of the skin and form a red rash which is known as Viral exanthem. This is particularly common in children.
  • Shingles (herpes zoster): Chickenpox virus causes a painful rash on one side of the body known as Shingles. 
  • Scabies: A tiny burrowing mite called Sarcoptes scabies causes a skin condition which is very much itchy is known as Scabies. Severe itchiness and a pimple-like rash are the most common symptom.
  • Ringworm: A fungal skin infection also referred to as tinea is called Ringworm. It's a clearer skin in the middle with a red, itchy, and circular rash.
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