Skin is the largest organ of the body conferring protection from external threats. It also helps in cooling body by producing sweat which evaporates and leaves the area cool. It produces oil to moisturize the surface and has got receptors that help us to feel the sensations of temperature, touch, pressure and pain. It also has immunity conferring properties and fights with microbes lodged on the skin. It has an excretory role and its excretory products include uric acid, ammonia, urea and excess water. It has an endocrine function wherein it helps in the synthesis of Vitamin D when exposed to the ultraviolet light of the sun. 

Since skin and hair are exposed to the vagaries of nature on a day-to-day basis, a lot of problems can occur on the skin and also scalp and hair. It is very important to take care of the skin and hair. Nutrition is the first step followed by a healthy lifestyle, avoiding pollution, smoking and alcohol. Skin manifestations can also point to other underlying disorders. Thus skin and hair care form a very important part of our daily routine.

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NOTE: Above More accurate treatment cost estimates can be provided if medical reports are emailed to us or after the patient is examined by doctors after arrival at hospital in India and medical tests are done after admission.

Frequently asked questions about Common Diseases Of Skin And Hair

What are the reasons of hair loss in men?

Hair loss in men is quite common and most men start losing hair by the time they reach 50 years of age. The most common reason is genetic and is termed male-pattern baldness. It is also known as androgenetic alopecia. Some conditions may cause temporary hair loss. These include anemia or thyroid problems, diabetes, lupus, side effects of drugs like anticancer agents, arthritis drugs, drugs used for depression, gout, high blood pressure, and heart problems. Other reasons include sudden stress or shock caused due to emotional reasons, certain infections, the immune system attacking hair follicles in a condition called alopecia areata, impulse control disorder called trichotillomania, and also due to traction caused because of certain hair styles.

Can hair grow back after chemotherapy? Which doctor should I consult?

Usually hair loss after chemotherapy drugs is temporary and hair grow back. Only a fraction of patients do not have full growth of hair. One of the new technologies that prevents loss of hair is usage of a special instrument that is fitted on head and provides cooling thus causing vasoconstriction (narrowing of blood vessels). This helps in reducing the exposure of chemotherapeutic drugs in scalp and thus preventing hair loss.

Which are the most common allergies that cause rashes?

Tree nuts are the most common causes of allergies that cause rashes and angioedema. Insect bites can also trigger allergic reactions which can cause rashes and other manifestations on the body.

I have a got a swollen lip. Is it due to an allergy?

Swollen lip or angioedema can be caused by various allergies but it can occur spontaneously also. It is referred to as idiopathic angioedema. Antihistamines and corticosteroids are the line of treatment. If severe allergy occurs affecting the throat and other important structures, a person may die of anaphylaxis. EpiPen is usually kept by persons who are prone to severe allergies. 

What are the different types of eczema?

Eczema is a common skin condition which causes red, itchy scars. There are several types of eczema including atopic eczema, contact dermatitis, discoid eczema, dyshidrotic eczema, varicose eczema, and asteatotic eczema. Eczema is a very common condition and many people are affected every year.

Is psoriasis curable?

There is no cure for psoriasis but the symptoms can be managed. It causes red, itchy scaly patches usually on the knees, elbows, trunk and scalp. It tends to go through cycles flaring for a few weeks or months and then subsiding or going into remission. The reason for psoriasis to develop is the increase in the turnover rate of skin cells. The new extra cells on the surface forms the red, silvery scaly patches. The symptoms include itching, burning, scaling, swollen and stiff joints, thickened, pitted or ridged nails. Dry, cracked skin can also cause blood coming out of the cracks. Treatment options include topical therapy with corticosteroids, Vitamin D analogues, retinoids, calcineurin inhibitors, salicylic acid, coal tar, Goeckerman therapy, and anthralin; light therapy that include sunlight, UVB broadband, UVB  narrowband, Psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA), and excimer laser; oral or injected medications that include steroids, retinoids, methotrexate, cyclosporine, biologics or other medications like thioguanine and hydroxyurea.

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Since skin and hair are constantly exposed, a lot of problems can occur. Some of the common problems of the skin and hair are:

  • Rash: Unusual changes in skin color or texture is called a rash. Mainly rashes are due to skin irritations whereas others may result due to medical conditions.
  • Dermatitis: A kind of Inflammation of the skin is known as Dermatitis. The most usual type is Atopic dermatitis. 
  • Eczema: Eczema is a kind of skin condition where Inflammation of the skin results in an itchy rash. Mainly, it’s because of an overactive immune system.
  • Psoriasis: Here the produced skin cells multiply faster than normal. This skin disorder is called Psoriasis. These skin cells form red patches that create itchiness.
  • Dandruff: It is related to the scalp and is caused by fungus. Dry skin sometimes results in itching 
  • Acne: The most common skin condition almost every individual faces at some phase in life, is Acne
  • Cellulitis: It is a bacterial skin infection that is at times painful but a common infection. The area of skin appears as red and swollen and on touching feels hot and tender. 
  • Skin abscess (boil or furuncle): At times, pus collects in skin tissues, hair follicles, or under the skin which is referred to as a skin abscess or a boil.
  • Rosacea: One can find a red rash on the face in a skin condition known as Rosacea. At times, it may look like acne.
  • Warts: A virus known as human papillomavirus (HPV) infects the top layer of skin where small skin growth appears which is referred to as Warts. It may be treated with duct tape, chemicals, or freezing, or can also be removed by a physician.
  • Melanoma: This skin cancer is the most dangerous one. The reason for Melanoma is due to damage caused by the sun and other causes. Melanoma can be identified through a skin biopsy.
  • Basal cell carcinoma: Basal cell carcinoma is the most usual skin cancer and less dangerous than melanoma as it grows and spreads more slowly 
  • Seborrheic keratosis: An itchy growth, which is benign, that appears like a “stuck-on” wart. If it’s bothersome, it may be removed by a physician.
  • Actinic keratosis: If the skin is much exposed in sun, there is a scaly or crusty bump that forms on the skin which is called actinic keratosis. Actinic keratoses at times can progress to cancer.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma: This is a very usual form of skin cancer that may start as an ulcer or an abnormal growth. It generally develops in sun-exposed areas.
  • Herpes: Skin irritation or periodic blisters around the lips or the genitals happens due to HSV-1 and HSV-2 which are the herpes viruses 
  • Hives: This is due to the allergic reaction wherein red, itchy patches on the skin arise suddenly.
  • Tinea versicolor: This is due to the fungal infection which happens on the skin. It creates pale areas of low pigmentation on the skin.
  • Viral exantham: Sometimes viral infections affect large areas of the skin and form a red rash which is known as Viral exantham. This is particularly common in children.
  • Shingles (herpes zoster): Chickenpox virus causes a painful rash on one side of the body known as Shingles. 
  • Scabies: A tiny burrowing mite called Sarcoptes scabies causes a skin condition which is very much itchy is known as Scabies. Severe itchiness and a pimple-like rash are the most common symptom.
  • Ringworm: A fungal skin infection also referred to as tinea is called Ringworm. It's a clearer skin in the middle with a red, itchy, and circular rash.
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