Skin is the largest organ of the body conferring protection from external threats. It also helps in cooling body by producing sweat which evaporates and leaves the area cool. It produces oil to moisturize the surface and has got receptors that help us to feel the sensations of temperature, touch, pressure and pain. It also has immunity conferring properties and fights with microbes lodged on the skin. It has an excretory role and its excretory products include uric acid, ammonia, urea and excess water. It has an endocrine function wherein it helps in the synthesis of Vitamin D when exposed to the ultraviolet light of the sun.
Since skin and hair are exposed to the vagaries of nature on a day-to-day basis, a lot of problems can occur on the skin and also scalp and hair. It is very important to take care of the skin and hair. Nutrition is the first step followed by a healthy lifestyle, avoiding pollution, smoking and alcohol. Skin manifestations can also point to other underlying disorders. Thus skin and hair care form a very important part of our daily routine.
NOTE: Above More accurate treatment cost estimates can be provided if medical reports are emailed to us or after the patient is examined by doctors after arrival at hospital in India and medical tests are done after admission.
Common diseases of skin include eczema, psoriasis, acne, rosacea, ichthyosis, vitiligo, hives, seborrheic dermatitis.
Hair Disorders include Androgenetic alopecia (male or female pattern baldness), Alopecia areata, Scarring (cicatricial) alopecia, Telogen effluvium. Anagen effluvium.Congenital hypotrichosis.Infection-related hair loss (eg, tinea capitis and folliculitis).
Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Some bacterial infections are mild and easily treated with topical antibiotics, but other infections require an oral antibiotic.
Alopecia areata is an acquired skin disease that can affect all hair-bearing skin and is characterized by localized areas of non-scarring alopecia (hair loss). Alopecia areata is occasionally associated with other medical problems. Most often these bald areas regrow their hair spontaneously.
If a person’s skin feels tight, their skin is likely dry. If there is noticeable shine on the nose and forehead, their skin is mostly likely normal/combination. If there is shine on their cheeks in addition to the forehead and nose, one is most likely have oily skin.
Diagnosing Skin Problems
A complete blood count can provide evidence of an internal condition causing a person itch, such as iron deficiency.
A doctor may be able to diagnose alopecia areata simply by looking at the extent of the hair loss and by examining a few hair samples under a microscope. The doctor may also perform a scalp biopsy to rule out other conditions that cause hair loss, including fungal infections like tinea capitis.
Since skin and hair are constantly exposed, a lot of problems can occur. Some of the common problems of the skin and hair are:
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