The bones of the face and skull near the nose contain four pairs of air-filled pockets, which are called the paranasal sinuses. It has various functions, including lightening the weight of the head, humidifying and heating inhaled air, increasing the resonance of speech, and serving as a crumple zone to protect vital structures in the event of facial trauma. There are four paired sinuses – named according to the bone in which they are located – maxillary, frontal, sphenoid and ethmoid. The maxillary sinuses are the largest of the sinuses and are located behind the cheekbones near the maxillae, or upper jaw which is triangular shaped. The right and left frontal sinuses are located in the center of the forehead (frontal bone) just above each eye.

The ethmoid sinuses are located in the ethmoid bone, which separates the nasal cavity from the brain. These sinuses aren’t single sacs but a collection of 6 to 12 small air cells that open independently into the nasal cavity. They’re divided into front, middle, and rear groups. on each side of the bridge of your nose, near your eyes. There are three small pairs of the ethmoid sinuses. The sphenoid sinuses The sphenoid sinuses are located in the sphenoid bone near the optic nerve and the pituitary gland on the side of the skull.

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NOTE: Above More accurate treatment cost estimates can be provided if medical reports are emailed to us or after the patient is examined by doctors after arrival at hospital in India and medical tests are done after admission.

Frequently asked questions about Sinus

What is the role of an ENT?

An ENT(otolaryngologist) doctor deals with the diagnosis, evaluation and management of diseases of head and neck and mainly the ears, nose and throat.

What are Sinuses?

The sinuses are hollow spaces in the skull and the face bones around the nose. There are four pairs of sinuses, named after the bones they are located in: The maxillary sinuses are located on each side of your nose, near the cheek bones. The frontal sinuses are located above the eyes, near your forehead.The ethmoid sinuses are located in the ethmoid bone,, which separates the nasal cavity from the brain.The sphenoid sinuses are located in the sphenoid bonenear the optic nerve and the pituitary gland on the side of the skull.

What are the causes of Sinusitis?

Sinusitis can be caused by infection, allergies, and chemical or particulate irritation of the sinuses. 

What are the symptoms of Sinus infection?

Feel pain or pressure in your forehead, cheeks, ears, or teeth. There may be thick, sticky mucus coming from nose.Mucus may be cloudy, or have a greenish-yellow color. Nose may be stuffed,making it difficult to breathe. the face may feel tender, especially around the eye.

What are some of the precautions and treatments for sinus?

Wash hands frequently, get a flu shot yearly, eat well-balanced diet, get regular exercise, quite smoking, use a humidifier as dryness can lead to sinus pain, don't overdo the antibiotics and use use a saline nasal solution are some of the precautions and treatments for sinus.

Can an ENT doctor drain your sinuses?

In case of an acute sinusitis an ENT doctor drains the sinuses as a treatment. If sinusitis is chronic then surgery may be needed.

What food helps clear sinuses?

Sea food, hot peppers, green leafy vegetables, honey, garlic , water.

What is the best medicine for swollen sinuses?

Decongestants . These medicines help reduce the swelling in the nasal passages and ease the stuffiness and sinus pressure. They come as nasal sprays, like naphazoline (Privine), oxymetazoline (Afrin, Dristan, Nostrilla, Vicks Sinus Nasal Spray), or phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine, Sinex, Rhinall)

How to treat sinus allergies?

Drink plenty of water, have foods with antibacterial properties.Ease facial pain with warm compresses.Use over-the-counter (OTC) medications.humidifier in the winter season, when the air tends to be drier. Using a neti pot to irrigate the nose and loosen mucus.OTC nasal saline spray to irrigate nose

What is the best antibiotic for Sinus infection?

Amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin) as the first-line antibiotic to treat a possible bacterial infection of the sinuses. Amoxicillin usually is effective against most of the strains of bacteria.

How do I know if Sinus infection is bacterial or viral?

A viral sinus infection will usually start to improve after five to seven days. A bacterial sinus infection will often persist for seven to 10 days or longer, and may actually worsen after seven days.

Which virus causes sinusitis?

Rhinoviruses, influenza viruses, and parainfluenza viruses are the most common causes of sinusitis

How long can a sinus infection last?

An acutesinus infection lasts anywhere from ten days up to eight weeks. A chronicinfection lasts even longer. It seem like it is improving, and then it becomesas bad as it was at initially. Chronic sinus infections may drag on for months at a time.

Can I beat a bacterial sinus infection without antibiotics?

Most of the times one can fight off a bacterial infection if symptoms are mild. Usually symptoms of acute bacterial sinus infections resolve within two weeks without antibiotics.

What is the success rate of sinus surgery?
The results are good approximately 80-90% success
What is the best hospital for sinus surgeries in India?

Artemis Hospital.

Fortis Hospital.

Yashoda Hospital.

Global Hospital.

Narayana Hospital

What is the approximate cost of sinus surgery in India?

Bangalore Rs. 70311.00      Rs. 150000.00

Chennai         Rs. 54481.00      Rs. 100000.00

Hyderabad Rs. 45667.00      Rs. 75000.00

Kolkata         Rs. 51207.00      Rs. 150000.00

Recent Articles

At birth only the maxillary sinus and the ethmoid sinus are developed but not yet pneumatized; only by the age of seven they are fully aerated. The sphenoid sinus appears at the age of three, and the frontal sinuses first appear at the age of six, and fully develop during adulthood. The nose and the sinuses are closely linked by the ostium (an opening into a vessel or cavity of the body). The nose is divided into two cavities by the nasal septum. The superior, middle and inferior turbinates (small structures inside the nose that cleanse and humidify air that passes through the nostrils into the lungs.). They are rounded projections that run the length of the nasal cavity along the side of the nose. The area between each turbinate is called a meatus. The sinuses drain via the ostium into the meatus areas between each turbinate, with the different types of sinus draining into different areas.

It has Any infection of your upper respiratory tract can easily spread to the sinuses. The resulting inflammation and pain is called sinusitis. Acute sinusitis (sinus infection): Viruses, bacteria, or fungi infect the sinus cavity.

Chronic sinusitis (or chronic rhinosinusitis): is a persistent process of inflammation of the sinuses.

Deviated septum : If the septum that divides the nose is too far too one side, it can obstruct airflow in a nostril.

Hay fever ( allergic rhinitis ): Allergens like pollen, dust mites, and pet dander cause the defenses in the nose and sinuses to overreact. 

Nasal polyps are small growths in the nasal cavity. They can happen due to inflammation from asthma, chronic sinus infections, and nasal allergies (such as hay fever).

Turbinate hypertophy: The ridges on the nasal septum are enlarged, which can block airflow.

Malignancies of the paranasal sinuses comprise approximately 0.2%. About 80% of these malignancies arise in the maxillary sinus. Men are much more often affected than women. They most often occur in the age group between 40 and 70 years. Carcinomas are more frequent than sarcomas. Metastases are rare. Tumours of the sphenoid and frontal sinuses are extremely rare.

Symptoms of sinusitis are similar to cold. Depending on which sinuses are infected, patient may feel pain or pressure in your forehead, cheeks, ears, or teeth. There may be thick, sticky mucus coming from nose. Mucus may be cloudy, or have a greenish-yellow color. Nose may be stuffed,making it difficult to breathe. the face may feel tender, especially around the eye. Acute sinusitis can be managed at home, chronic needs medical attention. 

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