The heart is one of the main organs of the body assigned with the important function of pumping blood throughout the body while also receiving the impure (deoxygenated) blood and sending the same to the lungs for purification (oxygenation). The heart beats for around 3 billion times and pumps around 400 million liters of blood during an average life expectancy of 75 years.

Heart consists of four chambers out of which two are atria or upper chamber and two are ventricles or lower chambers. The impure blood from different parts of the body returns to the right side of the heart. It is then pumped into the lungs, purified (oxygenated), enters back into the heart on the left side, and then the pure blood is pumped to the entire body. Thus, the heart is like a pump, it beats constantly to supply blood to all body parts, & also to itself.

The coronary arteries which are the arterial blood vessels of the coronary circulation transport the oxygenated or pure blood to the heart. These arteries cover the entire heart. The heart pumps oxygenated or pure blood and transfers it to different parts of the body. This oxygen-rich or pure blood is pumped out through the coronary arteries. Coronary heart disease is a very serious disorder that arises due to the blockage of the arteries which supply nutrients and oxygenated blood to the heart. 

Coronary bypass surgery transmits blood around a part of a blocked or semi blocked artery in the heart to improve the flow of the blood to the heart muscle. This surgery involves taking the healthy blood vessel either from the arm, leg, or chest and connecting it to the arteries which are blocked in the heart. 

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NOTE: Above More accurate treatment cost estimates can be provided if medical reports are emailed to us or after the patient is examined by doctors after arrival at hospital in India and medical tests are done after admission.

Frequently asked questions about Bypass

Bypass surgery is required under which conditions?

When the plaque in the blood develops on the arterial walls, there is less blood flow to the heart.  This condition is known as atherosclerosis. The heart will be tired and fails if it does not receive blood in enough amount

Heart bypass surgery is advised to the patients if their coronary arteries become blocked which leads to a higher risk of a heart attack. 

Severe chest pain due to the some of narrow arteries which lead  to less blood flow even during rest or any type of light exercise 

If the patient has one or more infected coronary artery, or if the main pumping chamber left ventricle doesn’t function or work well. 

The left coronary artery which is the main artery that supplies most of the blood to the left ventricle becomes severely blocked or narrowed. 

What are some of the treatment options for coronary heart diseases?

The treatment options are:

  • Coronary artery bypass surgery
  • Minimal invasive heart surgery
  • Stenting angioplasty
  • Prescribed oral medication
  • Modified diet plan
  • A dedicated exercise program
What are the expected results of CABG surgery?

For CABG Surgery, the expected result is quite helpful in relieving angina. This surgery increases the survival of patients who are suffering from lower pump function of the heart muscle or the stenosis of the multiple arteries or the left coronary artery. Most of the patients do not feel any type of symptoms for the next 10 to 15 years after the surgery. 

What is the fastest way to recover from bypass surgery?

For a speedy recovery, one needs to stay active before the surgery as some level of physical fitness helps counteract the immobility of recovery, quit smoking, not to follow an intensive diet, keep a positive attitude, take medications as prescribed.

What are the risk factors related to Cardiac bypass surgery?

Some of the risk factors related to Cardiac bypass surgery are, bleeding, arrhythmia, chest pain, development of infection at the site, problems with the kidney, postpericardiotomy syndrome, loss of memory or difficulty thinking, death.

What is the success percentage of cardiac bypass surgery?

The success percentage of bypass surgery is around 95 – 98 %. Several studies or researches have shown that after the bypass surgery, there is an improvement in the function of the heart for patients who had a risk of a heart attack due to poor heart muscles. The success rate also depends on the patient’s diabetes or hypertension, kidney problems. The lower the risk factors the higher is the success of the surgery. It also helps with thinking skills and less reduction in memory, less injury to the heart, lesser death rates. 

What are the benefits of cardiac bypass surgery?

There are many advantages of this surgery, such as less or no chest pain, lesser chances of a heart attack, and more energy for physical activities.

Why should the patient consider cardiac bypass surgery in India?

India is quite renowned for its medical services. India is home to some of the best Cardiac Doctors and Hospitals and is quite popular among Medical tourists. The cost of cardiac surgery in India is at quite affordable cost. Getting visas or quick appointment is an added advantage. Heart surgery in India is done with the help of the most advanced medical facilities and technologies. The surgery success rate is also higher. 

What are the coronary arteries? How does the heart get the required blood?

The coronary arteries are the blood vessels used for coronary circulation which transfers the oxygenated or pure blood to the heart. The coronary arteries cover the entire heart. The heart pumps oxygenated or pure blood received from the lungs to different parts of the body. This blood is then flowed out through coronary arteries. 

Which are the preferred cities for CABG treatment in India?

Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore, Ahmedabad are some of the best cities for CABG treatment in India.

Which are the best hospitals for bypass surgeries in India?

Fortis Escorts Hospital and Max Super Speciality in New Delhi, Medanta The Medicity and Artemis in Gurugram, Wockhardt Hospital and Global Hospital in Mumbai, and Chennai, Columbia Asia Hospital, Bangalore,  Apollo and Zydus Hospitals in Ahmedabad. 

What is the age limit of bypass surgery?

Cardiac surgery may be carried out on patients who are 85 years and older. There may be an extended stays in the hospital for elder patients. Consistent successful outcomes may be expected in the patients with certain criteria that identify the risk factors. 

Can one still get a heart attack after the bypass surgery?

Coronary heart disease is a very severe disorder that arises from the blocked arteries supplying the oxygenated or pure blood and nutrients to the heart. The grafts which are used to bypass the blocked the arteries which are blocked may lead to the risk of another heart attack. The major risk after the bypass surgery is the clotting of blood inside the grafts. 

What is the other option for heart bypass surgery?

If a person has coronary heart disease and the arteries surrounding the heart are narrowed, there is a chance to undergo coronary angioplasty or EECP – enhanced external counterpulsation instead of doing coronary artery bypass graft. 

Recent Articles

What is the reason to do Heart Bypass Surgery?
When the plaque in the blood develops on the arterial walls, there is less blood flow to the heart. This condition is known as atherosclerosis. The coating of plaque not just narrows the passage within the vessels, but it also reduces the normal or regular blood and oxygen circulation to the heart. The heart will be tired and fails if it does not receive blood in enough amounts. Successive atherosclerosis leads to repeated chest pain or angina and myocardial infarction. Heart bypass surgery is advised if the coronary arteries become blocked or narrowed which leads to a higher risk of a heart attack. 

Different  Forms  of Heart Bypass Surgery:

  • Single  bypass.  Only one artery is blocked
  • Double bypass.  Two arteries are blocked
  • Triple bypass.   Three arteries are blocked
  • Quadruple bypass. Four arteries are blocked

Risks of Heart Bypass: 

  • Bleeding
  • Kidney failure
  • Heart rhythm irregularities (arrhythmia)
  • Blood clots
  • Chest pain
  • Infection
  • Heart attack or stroke

Tests to be carried out for Heart Bypass Surgery:

  • Blood   tests
  • Chest   X-ray
  • ECG  or  EKG - Electrocardiogram
  • Angiogram

Signs and Symptoms after the Bypass:

  • Fever
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Worsened pain or New pain around the chest wound
  • bleeding or any type of discharge or reddening of the wound on the chest


After this surgery, certain symptoms like the tightness of the chest, high blood pressure, shortness of breath will improve.  Most of the patients wouldn’t experience these symptoms for around 10 to 15 years and feel much better. The long term outcome or results usually depends on the patient’s healthy lifestyle. 

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