Spine is the structure that gives us proper support, strength and stability. It houses one of the most important organs of the body, the spinal cord. It is a part of the central nervous system that extends from the brain. It is a complex structure containing approximately 100 million neurons and even more neuroglia. Some of the most rapid reactions, termed reflexes, are controlled by the spinal cord without the involvement of brain. For example, whenever we grasp a very hot object, the grasping muscles of our hand relax and we drop the object even before we are conscious about it. This quick, automatic response to certain kinds of harmful stimuli are designed so that we avoid injuring ourselves by taking somewhat longer time to respond than the time taken for the reflex.

The spinal cord contains gray matter as well as white matter. The gray matter is the site for summing of the excitatory potentials. The white matter contains sensory and motor pathways which act as highways along which sensory inputs travel to the brain and motor outputs travel from the brain to the effector sites. The spinal meninges surround the spinal cord providing protection. There are 31 pairs of spinal nerves that exit the spinal cord, and go to specific regions of the body. These spinal nerves serve many important functions. Thus whenever the intervertebral space decreases leading to nerve compression or whenever there is spinal cord injury, the ramifications are widespread and serious complications arise. The person lose some or many functions and sometimes become paralyzed for the rest of his/her life.


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NOTE: Above More accurate treatment cost estimates can be provided if medical reports are emailed to us or after the patient is examined by doctors after arrival at hospital in India and medical tests are done after admission.

Frequently asked questions about Spinal Disorders Other Problem

What is spinal fusion surgery? Is spinal fusion surgery dangerous?

Spinal fusion involves fusing two or more vertebrae, eliminating motion between them. The techniques employed mimic the normal healing process of the bones. It is usually recommended for the correction of spinal deformities such as scoliosis and for the treatment of spinal instability or weakness. It is usually a safe procedure but like any other surgery, some risks are involved. The usual risks involved are:

  • Infection at the site of surgery
  • Poor wound healing
  • Bleeding or blood clots
  • Damage to the blood vessels or nerves around the spine
How many days will I have to stay in India for spinal fusion surgery?

The recovery after a spinal fusion surgery takes usually long. But the patient needs to stay only for around 10 days in India. Out of these, 2-4 days hospital stay is required.

What is spinal decompression surgery? Is spinal decompression surgery dangerous?

Spinal decompression surgery is done to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or one or more compressed nerve roots that pass through or exit the spinal column. It is generally done to treat spinal radiculopathy, myelopathy and claudication. It is usually a safe procedure but like any other surgery, some risks are involved. The usual risks involved are:

  • Infection at the site of surgery
  • Poor wound healing
  • Bleeding or blood clots
  • Damage to the blood vessels or nerves around the spine
How many days will I have to stay in India for spinal decompression surgery?

The recovery after a spinal decompression surgery takes usually long. But the patient needs to stay only for around 10 days in India. Out of these, 2-4 days hospital stay is required.

What are the treatment options for spinal tumors in India?

The main treatment approach for spinal tumor is surgical removal of the tumor. It may be benign or malignant. The usual symptoms are:

  • Pain in the neck or back
  • Tingling or numbness in limbs
  • Bowel and bladder function changes


The types of surgeries that can be employed include:

  • Kyphoplasty
  • Vertebroplasty


Open surgery options include:

  • Spinal stabilization surgery
  • Spinal decompression surgery
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery
Can spinal tumors be treated?

Surgical option remains the best option to treat spinal tumors. The treatment outcome depends on the type and extent of tumor.

What is spinal stenosis? What are the treatment options for spinal stenosis in India?

Spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spinal cord is compressed due to the narroeing of the spinal column. The treatment options include self-care remedies, physical therapy, medications, injections and surgery.

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A lot of problems can occur in the spinal cord which might require physical therapy or surgery. many tumors also arise in the cells of the spinal cord. Some of the surgeries that are done to treat are:

  • Spinal fusion surgery: It is the surgery where two or more vertebrae are connected eliminating motion between them. It involves techniques that are designed to mimic the normal healing process of broken bones. It may be indicated to treat scoliosis and spinal weakness or instability.
  • Spinal decompression surgery: It is a surgery which is done to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or one or more compressed nerve roots that pass through or exit the spinal column. It is generally done to treat spinal radiculopathy, myelopathy and claudication.

Some surgeries are done to treat specific conditions like spinal stenosis. Laminectomy is one of the surgical options for treating spinal stenosis. Spinal tumors can also occur. These are abnormal mass of cells around or in the spinal column. These tumors can be benign (those that are localized and do not spread) or malignant (those that have the capacity to spread). The treatment is usually chemotherapy, radiotherapy and lastly surgery. Most of the tumors respond well to the non-surgical modalities. Only certain metastatic forms are radioresistant e.g. those that have spread to the gastrointestinal tract or kidney).


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