The nose is the part of the human face that projects out. It resembles a pyramidal shape. The main functions of the nose are to act as a passage for air to pass and thus aid in respiration, and make the sense of smelling possible. The process of smelling is called olfaction and the receptors that make this possible are called olfactory receptors. These receptors are present in the olfactory epithelium which in turn is present in the superior part of the nasal cavity. It has a total area of around 5 The process of olfaction involves a complex neural pathway including the receptors, first order neurons, olfactory bulbs which contain the second order neurons called mitral cells the axons of which form the olfactory tract which end s in the olfactory cortex in the brain.

The nasal cavity serve important functions. These include warming and humidifying the inspired air, trapping and evacuating pathogens and particulate present in the inspired air and clearing the paranasal sinuses. The latter are air cavities in the skull and facial bones. Nasal vowels and consonants are created by a process called nasalization. The empty cavities of the paranasal sinuses act as sound chambers that adjust and intensify discourse and other vocal sounds. There are 4 pairs of paranasal sinuses. These are:

  • Ethmoid
  • Sphenoid
  • Frontal 
  • Maxillary
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NOTE: Above More accurate treatment cost estimates can be provided if medical reports are emailed to us or after the patient is examined by doctors after arrival at hospital in India and medical tests are done after admission.

Frequently asked questions about Nose

What is ENT treatment?

An ENT specialist incorporates diagnosing and overseeing any illness of the sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity, and upper pharynx (mouth and throat), as well as structures of the neck and face. Otolaryngologists as they are called medically, analyze, treat, and oversee specialty-specific disorders as well as numerous essential care issues in both children and grown-ups.

What is a nose doctor called?

Otolaryngologist or more commonly known as ENT (ear, nose and throat) doctor.

What kind of surgeries do ENT specialist do?

Removal of the thyroid organ (thyroidectomy), treatment of eardrum (tympanic layer) perforations and sinus surgery, endoscopy for pituitary tumors, surgery, mechanical surgery for throat cancer and microsurgery for acoustic neuroma tumors which are complex.

Which are the best ENT surgeons in India?
  • Dr. Ramadass T.
  • Dr. W.B.V.S Ramalingam.
  • Dr. K.K.Handa.
  • Dr. P L Dhingra.
  • Dr. Ganapathy H.
  • Dr. P S Reddy.
  • Dr. Bhagwat Chaudhary.
Do ENT specialist perform surgeries?

Yes, they carry out surgeries for the removal of the thyroid gland (thyroidectomy), treatment of eardrum (tympanic membrane) perforations and sinus surgery.

Is nose surgery painful?

Pain at any level, will ordinarily last for about 36 to 72 hours, but may  last for a long time   in the event that the nose is controlled or bumped. The nose may stay delicate or delicate to touch, in any case, for up to three months.

What are the causes of nosebleeds?

The causes for nose bleeds are sinus infection, hypertension, trauma, hematologic disorders, rhinitis(stuffy nose), a dry environment and neoplasms.

What causes nasal obstruction?

Structural abnormality (Deformities of the nasal septum also referred to as a deviated septum), allergies nasal polyps(As a result of allergies, sinus infections, or aspirin sensitivity, nasalpolyps may develop) and sinus infection.

What are the symptoms of sinus problems?

Nasal irritation, Thick, discolored release from the nose, Drainage down the back of the throat (postnasal drainage),Nasal obstacle or blockage, causing trouble breathing through your nose, Torment, delicacy and swelling around your eyes, cheeks, nose or forehead, Reduced sense of scent and taste.

Which are the best hospitals in India for ETN consultation and surgeries?

India is home to many renowned hospitals. Some of the most famous ones include:

  • Manipal hospital, Bangalore
  • Sahyadri hospitals, Pune
  • Apollo chain of hospitals
  • Nanavati hospital, Mumbai
  • Max superspeciality hospital
  • BLK superspeciality hospital, Delhi
  • S. L. Raheja Hospital, Mumbai
  • Fortis Malar hospital, Chennai
  • Gleneagles Global Hospitals India, 
  • Medanta- the Medicity, 
  • Artemis Hospital-Gurgaon
Is rhinoplasty surgery permanent?

If done on a fully developed nose, rhinoplasty surgeries are usually permanent with quite satisfactory results.

Can nose cartilage be reshaped naturally?

The shape of nose is primarily determined by the bone and cartilage and cannot be changed without surgery.

Recent Articles

3 hard shelves known as the inferior, center and prevalent nasal conchae are connected to Some of the conditions that occur commonly are :

  • Nose bleeds(epistaxis). Most common is anterior epistaxis which occurs from kiesselbachs plexus.Posterior epistaxis is due to maxillary artery. The causes for nose bleeds are sinus infection, hypertension, trauma, hematologic disorders. 
  • Rhinitis, also known as stuffy nose, may be due to an inflammation that may cause nasal congestion, sneezing,runny nose, hay fever. 
  • Deviated Septum means the bony midline of the nasal cavity is off centre either due to trauma or birth defects resulting in partial or total occlusion of cavity. 
  • Fractured cribriform plate(part of ethmoid bone) can penetrate meningeal linings(layers of tissue protecting the brain) of the brain causing leakage of cerebrospinal fluid(transparent body fluid found in the brain and spinal cord) increasing the risks of meningitis(inflammation of meninges), encephalitis(inflammation of brain), cerebral abscess(a pocket of infected material in the brain that consists of pus, microorganisms that are the reason behind the infection, and cells from the immune system). 
  • The olfactory bulb(neural structure involved in the sense of smell) lies on the cribriform plate can be damaged by the fracture leading to anosmia(loss of smell).
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