The hip joint is a ball and socket joint. The ball in this case the head of the femur and the cavity, the acetabulum of the pelvis join to allow the upper body move on the lower and vice versa allowing a connection from the lower limb to the pelvic girdle. The hip joint primarily provides stability and aids in weight-bearing with a limited range of movement. This ball-and-socket construction allows the hip to move the leg front(flexion) or back(extension), out to the side(abduction) and inward toward the other leg (adduction), pointing the toes inward(internal rotation) or outward (external rotation).Pain in the hip may be the result of numerous causes, including nervous, osteoarthritic, infectious, traumatic, and genetic.

The hip joint includes the acetabulum (socket of the hip joint)of the ilium(pelvic bone), femur(ball of the hip joint), articular cartilage(it is a smooth tissue covering the bones allowing the joints to move easily), ligaments(attach one bone to another) and tendons (attach muscle to bone) and muscles.

The hip problems may be due to a break in either of the bones, injuries, acute or chronic conditions, infections developmental conditions and degenerative conditions.

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NOTE: Above More accurate treatment cost estimates can be provided if medical reports are emailed to us or after the patient is examined by doctors after arrival at hospital in India and medical tests are done after admission.

Frequently asked questions about Hip

What is Hip Pain?

Hip pain is a symptom due to the problem within the joint or a referred pain from another site. The pain may be felt on the inside, outside of the hip or groin. Hip pain on upper thigh or outer buttock is usually due to issues with muscles, ligaments, tendons and other soft tissues that surround the hip joint. Conditions like Low back pain and sciatica may result in referred pain in the hip

What are the causes of Hip pain?

These are some of the conditions that commonly cause hip pain:

  • Arthritis- inflammatory and non-inflammatory
  • Infectious arthritis
  • Avascular necrosis(AVN)- is the death of bone tissue due to a lack of blood supply. 
  • Sciatica
  • Bursitis
  • Iliotibial band syndrome(IT band )
  • Fracture
  • Cancer
What Are the First Signs of Hip Problems?

The following signs are frequent early symptoms of a hip problem

  • Hip Pain or Groin Pain
  • Referred pain to the thigh and knee.
  • Reduced range of motion.
  • Stiffness.
  • Pain when trying to put weight on the affected leg
  • Limping
Which doctor should the patient see for hip pain?

An Orthopaedic Doctor will help diagnose treat the hip joint.

When do you need a total hip replacement for hip pain?

Patients with intense pain or deformity of the hip joint due to osteoarthritis may need a replacement. Patients with avascular necrosis or a fracture need a total hip replacement.

What Is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis occurs when there is a breakdown of articular cartilage leading to friction and inflammation between the two bones. This inflammation leads to pain, swelling, and deformity.

What Causes Osteoarthritis of the Hip Joint?

The causes of osteoarthritis of the hip are unknown. Factors that affect include previous history of hip injury, advancing age, family history and being overweight.

What Is Hip Replacement Surgery?

It is a procedure in which a damaged hip joint is replaced with a prosthesis(artificial hip). The damaged ball of the socket is replaced with a metal ball. The hip socket is resurfaced using a metal shell and a plastic liner.

Does walking help hip pain?

Walking is a low-impact activity that can keep the hip and knee joint range of motion intact and relieve arthritic pain, stiffness, and swelling.

What is the fastest way to relieve hip pain?
  1. If the pain is not sudden or severe: Rest and avoid weight bearing for sometime. Avoid bending, sitting or lying on that side.
  2. Medications: over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen and paracetamol
  3. Apply cold packs to the hip (7-10 minutes several times a day) to reduce swelling and pain.
  4. Low impact exercises like walking or swimming, stretching 
  5. Resistance training can help with chronic hip pain from arthritis
  6. Weight loss- reduction of weight results in less pressure on the hip.
How do I know if I have sciatica or hip pain?

The signs of sciatica pain include: Pain originating in the lower back that can be felt on the hip and buttock. The pain usually affects only one leg and may get worse when you sit, cough, or sneeze. The leg may also feel numb, weak, or tingly at times.

How are hip disorders diagnosed?

Imaging tests:

Common imaging tests used to diagnose hip disorders include:

  • X-ray
  • Ultrasound
  • CT scan
  • Bone scan
  • MRI scan
  • Arthrogram

Bone biopsy: to check for abnormalities in the bone and surrounding tissues. 

What are the treatments for hip disorders?

Medications can treat inflammation caused by arthritis, relieve pain associated with hip disorders, also help in treating irritable hip syndrome and soft tissue pain.

Surgery can correct fractures and severe arthritis. In people with severe arthritis or an injury, hip replacement surgery (hip arthroplasty) may be an option.

Physiotherapy to alleviate the referred pain in the hip due to sciatica or low back pain.

Which hospitals are the best for Total hip replacement in India.
  • Medanta the Medicity.
  • Fortis memorial research institute Gurgaon
  • Apollo Hospitals Chennai
  • Sakra Hospital Bengaluru
  • Aster medicity Kochi 
  • Seven Hills Mumbai
  • Manipal Hospitals Bengaluru
Will I be able to walk and run after a hip replacement surgery?

A few hours post hip replacement surgery patients can stand and walk a few steps. By three to six weeks most patients can go back to their activities of daily living including walking a short distance. Once walking seems comfortable resuming running with slow jogs can be done

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Common causes of Hip Pain
The conditions that cause hip pain are:

Arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis cause hip pain, commonly in older adults. The inflammation of the hip joint is due to the failure of the cartilage leading to friction between both the bony surfaces. The pain gradually increases, stiffness and reduced range of motion in the hip affect the activities of daily living.

Hip fractures. The hip joint is rarely fractured (break in the continuity of the bone), but it may happen due to an accident. It is more common in the elderly due to weak brittle bones which break due to a fall. 

Bursitis. Bursae are liquid filled sacs between tissues such as bone, muscles, and tendons preventing friction between the tissues. Repetitive activities lead to inflammation of the bursae causing pain. 

Tendinitis. Tendons are tissue bands that connect bones to muscles. Tendinitis is inflammation or irritation of the tendons due to repetitive stress from overuse. 

Hip labral tear. This is a tear in the rim of cartilage (called the labrum) that is lines and reinforces the joint.

Cancers. Tumors start in the bone or may spread to the bone causeing pain in the hips, as well as in other bones of the body. 

Avascular necrosis (AVN also called osteonecrosis). It is the death of the bone tissue due to lack of blood supply. Avascular necrosis occurs usually in the hip.


  • Pain around the hip joint
  • Reduced range of motion 
  • Difficulty doing daily activities
  • Tingling numbness
  • Sometimes pain from other areas of the body, such as the back or groin (from a hernia), can radiate to the hip.
  • Treatment includes medication, surgery to replace the affected joint or stabilization of fracture, physiotherapy.
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