Neurology is the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities The nervous system is made of two parts: Central nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord  and the Peripheral nervous system involving all other neural elements, such as eyes, ears, skin, and other "sensory receptors" A doctor who specializes in neurology is called a neurologist. A neurologist has specialized training in diagnosing, treating, and managing disorders of the brain and nervous system including, but not limited to, Alzheimer’s disease (progressive mental deterioration that can occur in middle or old age, due to generalized degeneration of the brain), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS- rare neurological diseases that mainly involve the nerve cells (neurons) responsible for controlling voluntary muscle movement. ), concussion(mild traumatic brain injury TBI), epilepsy, migraine, multiple sclerosis(potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system), Parkinson’s disease, and stroke. A child or paediatric, neurologist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of neurologic disorders in children from the neonatal period through adolescence. Some of the conditions are unique to this younger population. Child neurologists treat many of the same common conditions found in adults such as migraine, epilepsy, stroke, and Tourette’s and are also trained in conditions related to neurogenetics and developmental problems.

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NOTE: Above More accurate treatment cost estimates can be provided if medical reports are emailed to us or after the patient is examined by doctors after arrival at hospital in India and medical tests are done after admission.

Frequently asked questions about Neurology

What is Neurology?

Neurology is a branch of medical science that is concerned with disorders and diseases of the nervous system. The term neurology comes from a combination of two words - "neuron" meaning nerve and "logia" meaning "the study of". The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities. It has two major divisions: Central nervous system: the brain and spinal cord. it includes structural and functional disorders of the nervous system ranging from birth defects through to degenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease.

Who is a neurologist?

The healthcare provider who specializes in neurology is called a neurologist. The neurologist treats disorders that affect the brain, spinal cord, and nerves, such as:

  • Muscle disorders and pain
  • Headache
  • Epilepsy
  • Neuritis and neuropathy( is damage or dysfunction of one or more nerves that typically results in numbness, tingling, muscle weakness and pain in the affected area. )
  • Brain and spinal cord tumors
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Parkinson disease
  • Stroke
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Alzheimer disease and other forms of memory problems 
How are neurological disorders treated?

Therapies for neurological disorders may often consist of: Lifestyle changes to either prevent or minimize the impact of such conditions. Physiotherapy to manage the symptoms and restore some function. Pain management, as many impairments can be associated with considerable discomfort.

Why do patients need a neurological examination?

A neurological examination is indicated whenever a physician suspects that a patient may have a neurological disorder. Any new symptom of any neurological order may be an indication for performing a neurological examination. A neurological exam checks for disorders of the central nervous system. The central nervous system is consists of brain, spinal cord, and nerves from these areas. It controls and coordinates everything you do, including muscle movement, organ function, and even complex thinking and planning.

What is a neurological examination?

During a neurological examination, the neurologist reviews the patient's health history with special attention to the current condition. The patient then takes a neurological exam. Typically, the exam tests vision, strength, coordination, reflexes and sensation. This information helps the neurologist determine if the problem is in the nervous system. Further tests may be needed to confirm a diagnosis or to find a specific treatment.

What are some of the warning signs indicating you should see a neurologist?

Some warning signs for which you need to visit the neurologist is as below: 

  • Persistent or sudden onset of a headache
  • A headache which changes
  • Loss of feeling or tingling
  • Problems with memory such as Forgetfulness
  • Clumsiness or confusion
  • Seizures
  • Brain or spinal cord injury
  • Weakness or loss of muscle strength
  • Sudden loss of sight
  • Movement disorders like trembling, slow movements
  • Lack of coordination
  • Muscle rigidity
  • Muscle spasms or tics
What is the Difference between Dementia and Alzheimer's disease?

The term dementia refers to a set of symptoms, not a specific disease. It is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life. Alzheimer's disease is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behaviour it is the most common form of dementia.

Will I Develop Dementia because I have a Family History of Alzheimer’s Disease?

There is a hereditary component to Alzheimer's. People whose parents or siblings have the disease are at a slightly higher risk of developing the condition. The risk increases if more than one family member has the illness. When diseases tend to run in families, either heredity (genetics), environmental factors, or both, may play a role. 

How do I Know if my Headache is a Migraine?

A migraine is often a disabling and recurring headache that frequently occurs only on one side of the head. It can cause severe pulsing or throbbing sensations usually in one area of your head, as well as nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light or sound. A tension headache is a mild, dull pressure without other symptoms. A cluster headache can deliver a severe, “stabbing” pain behind one eye and may be accompanied by congestion in your sinuses.

Which are the best Neurology Hospitals in India?

The best neurology hospitals in India are as below: 

  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
  • Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai
  • BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi
  • Global Hospitals, Chennai
  • Jaypee Hospital, Noida
  • Manipal Hospital, Bangalore.
  • Max Super Specialty Hospital, Gurgaon
  • Zydus Hospital, Ahmedabad
  • Aster CMI Bangalore
  • Narayana Multispecialty Hospital, Ahmedabad
  • Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Center, Pune

Recent Articles

Neurology involves a wide variety of problems:

  • Cerebrovascular disease- refers to a group of conditions, diseases, and diseases that affect the blood vessels and blood supply to the brain. If a blockage, malformation, or hemorrhage prevents the brain cells from getting enough oxygen, brain damage can result such as stroke
  • Demyelinating diseases any condition that results in damage to the protective covering (myelin sheath) that surrounds nerve fibers in your brain, optic nerves and spinal cord. When the myelin sheath is damaged, nerve impulses slow or even stop, causing neurological problems. of the central nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis
  • Headache disorders
  • Infections of the brain and peripheral nervous system
  • Movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease
  • Neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)
  • Seizure disorders, such as epilepsy
  • Spinal cord disorders
  • Speech and language disorders

Neurologists do not perform surgery. If one of their patients requires surgery, they refer them to a neurosurgeon.

During an appointment with a neurologist, they are likely to perform a physical exam and a neurological exam. A neurological exam will test muscle strength, reflexes, and coordination. Since different disorders have similar symptoms, the neurologist needs more testing to make a diagnosis. Neurologists may recommend a variety of procedures to help diagnose or treat a condition. These procedures may include:

Lumbar puncture to test your spinal fluid. They may recommend the procedure if they believe the symptoms are caused by a problem in the nervous system that can be detected in the spinal fluid.

An EMG measures electrical activity between the brain or spinal cord to a peripheral nerve. This nerve is the one in either the arms or legs, and is responsible for muscle control during times of movement and rest. EMGs can help your neurologist diagnose spinal cord disease as well as general muscle or nerve dysfunction. Along with EMG, NCV may be assessed to check the ability of the nerves to send the necessary signals that control these muscles. 

An EEG measures electrical activity in the brain. It is used to help diagnose conditions of the brain, including inflammation, tumors, and injuries, as well as seizures and psychiatric disorders.

An MRI, CT and PET scan may also be advocated. The neurologist will then either prescribe a course of medication depending on the reports or refer the patient to a neurosurgeon.

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