The ureters are two muscular tubes which carry urine from each kidney into the urinary bladder for storage before it is emptied. It is done through regular contractions called peristalsis.Ureter disorders include:
Ureteral stones: kidney stones that dislodge and get stuck in the ureters can block urine flow. The presence of high levels of uric acid oxalates and minerals in the urine leads to stone formation.
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When the passage of urine is blocked it can lead to pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidney due to infection), loss of renal function, or renal calculi (kidney stones). The signs and symptoms depend on where the ureteral obstruction occurs, if it is partial or complete, its progress, and whether any one or both kidneys are affected.
Commons symptoms might include
Treatment for Ureteral conditions: NSAIDs for pain relief, in case of an infection antibiotics are often prescribed. For ureteral obstruction treatment consists of the removal of the obstruction or diversion to aid drainage. A ureteral stent (thin tube placed inside the ureter) or catheter is used to drain the urine from ureters. If conservative means fail surgery may be considered. The types of surgery are: open surgery, minimally invasive endoscopic surgery, laparoscopic and robot assisted.
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